• Armstrong, T., Reed, J., Engel, M., Press, T., & Sonstroem, A. (in press).Fast-forwarding disgust conditioning: US pre-exposure  facilitates the acquisition of oculomotor avoidance. Motivation and Emotion. OSF 
  • Knowles, K. A., Cox, R. C., Armstrong, T., & Olatunji, B. O. (in press). Cognitive mechanisms of disgust in the development and maintenance of psychopathology: A qualitative review and synthesis. Clinical Psychology Review.
  • Armstrong, T., Kelly, S., Beard, C., Rifkin, L.S., & Björgvinsson, T. (2017). Parsing the roles of anxiety and disgust sensitivity in borderline personality disorder in an acute heterogeneous treatment sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 119, 24-29.
  • Olatunji, B.O., Armstrong, T., Elwood, L. (2017). The role of disgust proneness in anxiety and related disorders: a qualitative review and meta-analysis of group comparison and correlational studies. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12, 613-648.
  • Armstrong, T., & Olatunji, B. O. (2017). Pavlovian disgust conditioning as a model for contamination-based OCD: Evidence from an analogue study. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 93, 78-87.
  • Rifkin, L.S., Schofield, C.A., Beard, C., & Armstrong, T. (2016). The development of fear beliefs through the verbal information pathway in preschool-age children. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 87, 34-39.
  • Olatunji, B. O., Armstrong, T., Bilsky, S., & Zhao, M. (2015). Threat modulation of visual search efficiency in PTSD: A comparison of distinct stimulus categories. Psychiatry Research, 3, 975–982.
  • Olatunji, B. O., Armstrong, T., & Ciesielski, B. C. (2015). Differential effects of emotional expressions and scenes on visual search. Motivation and Emotion, 39, 589-601.
  • Armstrong, T., McLenahan, L., Kittle, J., & Olatunji, B. O. (2014). Don’t look now! Oculomotor avoidance as a conditioned disgust response. Emotion, 14, 95-104.

For publications from before 2014, see Tom’s Google Scholar page.

Manuscripts in Preparation

  • Armstrong, T., Dalmaijer, E. S., Bailey, B., Engel, M., & Morris, M. J. (under review). I’ve seen enough! Both prolonged and repeated exposure increase oculomotor avoidance of disgusting stimuli. OSF  Pre-Print
  • Armstrong, T., Federman, S & Olatunji, B. O. (under review). Anxiety sensitivity mediates fear  learning in veterans with combat-related PTSD symptoms: evidence from self-report and  pupillometry. OSF
  • Armstrong, T., Lee, A. & Dalmaijer, E. S. (in preparation). Forever yuck: Oculomotor avoidance of disgusting stimuli is highly resistant to habituation.
  • Armstrong, T., Hampson, K., Crabtree, O., Leiter, R. & Dalmaijer, E. S. (in preparation). Disgust is not reality proof: An eye tracking test of the cognitive impenetrability hypothesis.

Conference Presentations

  • Armstrong, T. (November 2016). Learning to look away: The acquisition of oculomotor avoidance and its relation to disgust sensitivity. In T. Armstrong (Chair), The role of disgust in psychopathology: New insights from contemporary learning theory. Symposium held at Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies annual conference, New York, NY.
  • Armstrong, T., Bouwman, H., Engel, M., Leiter, R., & Press, T. (May 2017). Oculomotor avoidance is specific to disgust, not fear, and resists habituation. Poster presented at the Association for Psychological Science annual conference: Boston, MA.
  • Armstrong, T., Engel, M., Press, T., Sonstroem, A., Luther, G. Turner, H. & Kelly, S. (April 2016). Conditioning disgust through spatial rather than temporal contiguity: validation of a new paradigm. Poster presented at the Western Psychological Association annual conference: Long Beach, CA.